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The A.M. Turing Award, sometimes referred to as the “Nobel Prize” of Computing, was named in honor of Alan Mathison Turing (1912–1954), a British mathematician and computer scientist that is consider the father of modern computer science.

Turing made fundamental advances in computer architecture, algorithms, formalization of computing, and artificial intelligence. He is best known for the breaking of Enigma (German military ciphers) during World War II at Bletchley Park which according to many historians shortened the war and saved millions of lives.

Ref:
https://amturing.acm.org/
https://www.bbc.com/timelines/z8bgr82?linkId=100000002843455

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